Recording

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Contents

We're Rolling!

Many of our members are seasoned studio veterans and are more than happy to share their experiences in tracking great tones for great tunes.

The below information is to be taken as a general overview aimed at beginners with enthusiasm, and contains links to more in-depth articles. This article will focus on studio music recording, although much of the information can be applied to live sound or post production.

Stages

The main stages of recording are listed below in the general order in which they happen. There is usually some overlap between mixing and tracking. Each stage is dependent on the last, meaning the better the quality of the early stages, the easier the later ones become.

Tracking

Tracking is where you actually record the audio you're going to use.

Mixing

This is where the tracks are balanced.

Mastering

This is the final stage of the recording process and can often be the difference between an amatuer and professional sounding product.

Microphones

=== Dynamic ===
Shure SM58
Shure SM58

real text coming soon.

Popular dynamic microphones

AKG D112 (generally used for kick drum)
Beyer Dynamic m201
Sennhesier MD421
Shure SM57
Shure SM58

=== Condensor ===
Neumann U87
Neumann U87

real text coming soon.

Popular condensor microphones
AKG C414
Neumann u87






=== Ribbon ===
AEA R44
AEA R44

Although ribbon microphones technically fall under the dynamic category, they are different enough to warrant a description of their own.









=== Pressure Zone Microphone (PZM) ===
Crown PZM-30D
Crown PZM-30D

real text coming soon.







Polar patterns

Main Article

Effects and Processors

Dynamic Effects

Compression

Main Article

Popular compressors
Joe Meek SC2.2
Pultec EQP1A3
TFPRO Edward the Compressor
Universal Audio LA2A

Gates and Expanders

Main Article

Popular gates and expanders
Valley People Dynamite(?)
Drawmer DS201

Ducking

real text coming soon.

Modulation Effects

Chorus

Phasing

Flanging

Ring Modulation

Time-based Effects

Delay

Reverb


Popular digital reverb units
Lexicon PCM70
Lexicon PCM90

Software

These are some of the more popular pieces of recording software, however there are many more available.

=== Digidesign Pro Tools ===
Pro Tools screenshot
Pro Tools screenshot

Probably the most widely used in profesional studios around the world. If you look carefully when you see a studio featured on a TV documentary, you can usually see a screen like the one shown in the screenshot to the right.

Until recently there was no choice but to use the hardware designed by Digidesign with your Pro Tools rig. The options available, in order or price starting with the lowest are...

- MBox
- Digi001 (discontinued)
- Digi002
- HD

The Pro tools software comes in two variations, LE and HD (formally TDM). The LE version is for use with the lower end of their hardware interfaces, from he Mbox to the Digi002, whilst the HD system is exclusively for use with the HD hardware.

Traditionally seen as a Mac based program, Pro Tools has moved towards Windows based in the past few years (with much of its advertising material now shows a windows based system in use). This is highlighted by Digidesigns collabaration with M-Audio (a company providing popular budget recording interfaces) to release Pro Tools M-Powered. This was originally a cut down version of LE, but is now the full version.

Although Pro Tools supports MIDI, it is generally considered to be inferior to other applications such as Logic or Cubase. It's real strength is in audio recording.

=== Steinberg Cubase/Nuendo ===
Cubase screenshot
Cubase screenshot

Cubase is a bit shit, but Nuendo aint bad.

EMagic Logic

real text coming soon.

Cakewalk Sonar

come on mike, you know you wanna...

Mike -- I think dots should go for it.

=== Propellerhead Reason ===
Pro Tools screenshot
Pro Tools screenshot

real text coming soon.

Apple Garage Band

real text coming soon.

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